Knee injury and degenerative disorders can severely limit mobility and compromise quality of life. Athletes are particularly prone to injury and trauma, but patients of all ages and lifestyles can also suffer from these types of debilitating conditions.
Fortunately, advanced imaging, treatment and surgical technology provide orthopedic surgeons and sports medicine physicians with a vast array of treatment techniques to restore mobility and eliminate discomfort.
The Center of Orthopedic & Rehabilitation Excellence offers comprehensive, patient-centered care for all types of knee disorders and injuries.
Causes of Knee Pain
Pain in and around the knee can affect patients of all ages. Because the knee is the largest and most complex joint in the human body, it is particularly prone to injury and trauma.
Athletes — especially basketball and football players — frequently sustain torn ligaments, including the ACL, MCL and LCL. Meniscus tears typically affect the cartilage of professional athletes as well as weekend warriors. Fracture of the patella and other bones necessary for the knee’s function may also result from an accident or sports injury.
Overuse injuries are another common cause of pain. These conditions include iliotibial band syndrome, a common overuse injury seen in runners, and the cluster of pain-causing conditions known as runner’s knee, including tendonitis in the patella and patellofemoral pain syndrome, an irritation of patellar cartilage.
Degenerative Knee Disorders
The nature of this joint also leaves it vulnerable to a variety of disorders and diseases. Kneecap bursitis can result from injury or overuse of the joint; however, bursitis is also common in patients who kneel frequently, such as gardeners, plumbers and flooring installers.
Osteochondrosis, also known as Osgood-Schlatter disease, frequently affects younger athletes near the time of growth spurts. In older patients, osteoarthritis of the knee results from the gradual breakdown of cartilage in the joint. However, this condition can also occur in response to an injury or trauma.
Knee Surgery and Treatment
For degenerative conditions such as arthritis, noninvasive treatment can successfully restore mobility and reduce or eliminate pain. Braces, corticosteroid and viscosupplementation injections, and physical therapy may be recommended.
Numerous options for knee surgery may also repair damage to the joint. Arthroscopy is the most common approach to surgical repair. Performed on an outpatient basis, this technology results in less post-operative pain and a shorter recovery period. Ligament reconstruction and cartilage restoration can also be accomplished using arthroscopic surgical techniques.
The early diagnosis and treatment of joint problems is critical in preventing further damage. Pain, swelling, tingling or numbness as well as the inability to bear weight, are all indications to get prompt medical attention.
In Utah, you’ll find some of the nation’s most well-respected orthopedic surgeons and sports medicine doctors at the Center of Orthopedic & Rehabilitation Excellence. With a number of convenient locations throughout northern Utah, our expert physicians will identify the most effective treatment for your knee pain, injury or trauma.